Endoscopic pituitary surgery
The gold standard in pituitary surgery is transsphenoidal endoscopic approach. The NeuroHope team is trained in one of the largest pituitary surgery centers in Europe, the Foch Hospital – Paris, the center where the endoscope for pituitary surgery was introduced for the first time by the French neurosurgeon Guiot. In addition to tumors of pituitary origin, many other neurosurgical pathologies can be addressed through trans-nasal endoscopic techniques.
Pituitary adenomas – are benign tumors that develop in the pituitary endocrine gland, a structure located at the base of the brain that secretes key hormones of the endocrine system. A part of the adenomas produce endocrine diseases through an exaggerated secretion of a certain type of hormone: Cushing disease, acromegaly etc. Other part of the adenomas are non-secreting, but, the large ones can compress the optic nerves affecting vision.
Pituitary adenomas are benign tumors that develop in the pituitary gland, located at the base of the brain, an endocrine gland, secreting key hormones of the endocrine system. Adenomas can develop from secretory cells of the hypophysis and are called functional adenomas. The control of the hormone secretion is thus lost and hypersecretion is responsible for harmful effects on the body, depending on the type of hormone secreted.
There are adenomas that develop from nonsecretory cells that, due to compression, can lead to hypofunction of the gland. They are called nonfunctional adenomas. Any adenoma, if it is very large, can compress the optic chiasma and optic nerves, leading to visual field and visual acuity damage. Treatment options are surgical excision or hormonal control with drugs. In some cases, observation is an option.